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Miscellanea > Purashcharan  
What is Purashcharan
By Sushma Gupta                 See also   Purashcharan

Mahaanirvaan Tantra (p 151) says Purashcharan or Purashkaran literally means "the act of placing in front". By repetition of the name or the Mantra of the Deity, his or her presence is invoked before the worshipper.

In the same reference "Purashkaar" means the singling out of a person from a number and placing him in a position of honor. [Perhaps the Puruskaar word comes from the same root as it also singles out a person from others and places him or her in a honorable position.]
[Tantra of the Great Liberation: Mahaanirvaan Tantra. by Arthur Avalon]

There are three kinds of Poojaa - Daily Upaasanaa or Poojaa, Anushthaan and Purashcharan. Then what is the difference between the Daily Upaasanaa, Anushthaan and Purashcharan?

Daily Worship - is a part of a routine for day to day living.

Anushthaan - is a worship of higher order in which the devotee is bound by many restrictions and has to follow specified rules and regulations. Consequently special benefits accrue in this Jap. Jap and Havan are basic ingredients of Anushthaan. After Deekshaa (initiation) one surrenders to Gaayatree and Yagya (his spiritual parents) which are inseparable. Invocation is done by a specific process during the Anushthaan. After Poorn Aahuti in Havan, tradition requires feeding Braahman or Kanyaa.

Purashcharan - is still the higher form of Saadhanaa. For Purashcharan a specific number of specific Mantra and rituals are to be followed. Only an individual with advance training is capable of performing of these. An ordinary person should do only Anushthaan. A noticeable level of Mantra Siddhi (power of the Mantra) is said to come after 125,000 repetitions of a Mantra (this practice is called a Purashcharan). This is equivalent to 1250 rounds of a Maalaa and takes a considerable time. If these rounds can be finished in 40 days, it is very good. It means 1250/40 = 31 Maalaa per day. This can be done by doing 20 Maalaa in the morning and 10 Maalaa in the evening. If somebody takes some 20 minutes to recite the Mantra 108 times, 20 Maalaa will take approximately 7 hours, and 10 Maalaa 3 hours and 30 minutes.
Purashcharan is when you perform a recital (Jap) of a Mantra so that it gives you the desired effect or it is to activate the Mantra to get full power from it. It is different in different Saadhak. Some do Savaa Laakh (125,000) Mantra Jap, while some do 2.4 million Jap (Gayatri Purashcharan).

Gayatri's Purashcharan

It is said about Gayatri Purashcharan, that the Saadhak should recite it 24 Lakh (2,400,000) times. He should keep full control on His senses and live like a Tapaswee. In this Purashcharan, food and drink becomes very little and one has to control his mind fully. Brahmcharya has to be observed. generally it is started from Vasant Panchamee (Maagh Shukla Panchamee) or Guru Poornimaa. The awakening of whichever Kundalinee is talked a lot in spiritual world, it awakes after 2-3 Purashcharan only. This develops the ability to catch the hints of subtle world.

There are many difficulties and obstacles in this path, they are unimaginable and are different in everybody's life. The strange thing is this that both Daivik and devilish powers present these obstacles. Among them Daivik obstacles are to test the Saadhak, and the Devilish obstacles are to create problems. One should recite Rakshaa Kavach (protective armor) and Gayatri Beej Mantra (seed Mantra).

When Traatak (a kind of meditation) is completed one can attain the power of granting boons and cursing. One can complete his sleep in 15 minutes of Yog Nidraa. Soorya Traatak is the most difficult thing. In this Saadhanaa, one has to drink only 250 ml buttermilk in the morning and 250 ml milk in the evening. In the day time one can drink water.

The following definitions I found online...
(1) The worship of a deity performed with a Tantra, Mantra and chanting and the prescribed rituals is done to enable the Mantra to give the expected results, before commencing the chanting of the Mantra.

(2) Particular quantity of chanting for the acquisition of the desired result of a Mantra. Refer to the Sanaatan's publication, Volume 6: Path of Chanting The Lord's Name (Naam Sankeertan Yog) and Path of Mantra (Mantra Yog) for details.

For Guru Mantra Purashcharan (Guru Mantra is short), you can do 56 rounds per day for 21 days or any number of days as long as you keep equal number of rounds per day. Always do few more rounds at the end so as to cover for any miss counts and 10% Aahuti (Hom) if possible.
In another example, Devee's Stotra's Purashcharan is done by reciting her Stotra 108 times.

All Brahmachaaree and Saadhu do Purashcharan. In this, for each syllable of the Mantra, you have to chant the Mantra 100,000 times. If you are initiated into the Gaayatree Mantra, for instance, which has 24 syllables, you have to chant it 2,400,000 times. The Dakshinaamoorti Mool Mantra has 26 syllables so it will take about five years to chant it 2.6 million times, if you chant it about two hours each day. That is why they use the Maalaa to keep count.


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Created on Oct 14, 2000 and Updated on Tuesday, August 27, 2013
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