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1-Aadi Parv, 67  of 236
Kathaa-G - 0-Prolog - Page 15

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[1-67] Janamejaya said - "Now I want to hear about those celestials who were born among the human beings." Vaishampaayan Jee said - "First I tell you bout the celestials and Daanav being born among human beings. 

--Viprachitti took birth as Jaraasandh.
--Diti's son Hiranyakashyap was born as Shishupaal.
--His son Sanhlaad (younger brother of Prahlaad) became Shalya.
--His another son Anuhlaad (the youngest one), the youngest one, became Dhrishtketu.
--Diti's son Shivi was born as Drum.
--Baashkal was born as Bhagadatt.
--The five great Asur - Ayashiraa, Ashwashir, Ayashanku, Gaganmardan and Vegvat were all born in the line of Kaikaya.
--Ketumaan became Amitaujaa
--Swarbhaanu was born as Ugrasen of fierce deeds.
--Ashwa became Ashok.
--Ashwapati, Ashwa's younger brother and the son of Diti, became Haardikya.
--Vrishparvaa was born as Deerghpragya.
--Ajak, the younger brother of Vrishparvaa, was born as Shaalv.
--Ashwagreev was born as Rochmaan.
--Sookshm Asur became Brihadrath.
--Tuhund became Senaabindu.
--Ishupaa became Nagnjit.
--Ekchakra became Prativindhya.
--Viroopaaksh became Chitravarmaa.
--Har was born as Subaahu.
--Nikumbh was born as Devaadhip.
--Sharabh was born as the king Paurav.
--Kupath was born as Supaarshwa
--Krat was born as the royal sage Parvateya
--Shalabh was born as Prahlaad in the country of the Baalheek
--Chandramaa became Chandravarmaa, the king of Kaamboj.
--Ark Daanav became Rishikaa
--Mritapaa Asur became Pashchimaanook

--Gavishth Asur was born as King Drumsen
--Mayoor Asur was born as Vishwa
--Suparn, the younger brother of Mayoor, was born as Kaalkeerti
--Chandrahantri Asur was born as Shunak
--Chandravinaashan Daitya was born as the King Jaanakee
--Deerghjivhaa Asur was born as Kaashee Raaj.
--Raahu, the son of Sinhikaa, was born as Kraath.
--Vikshar, the eldest son among the four sons of Danaayu, was born as Pandyaa.
--Valin Asur was born as Paundra Matsyak
--Vritraasur became Manimaan.
--Krodh-hantaa, the younger brother of Vritra, became King Dand.
--Krodhvardhan was born as Dand-dhar
--The 8 sons of Kaaleya became very powerful kings, the eldest one was Jayatsen in Magadh, the second one became Aparaajit, the third one was born as the King of the Nishaad, the fourth one was born as Shrenimaan, the fifth one was born as Mahaunjaa, the sixth one was born as Abheeru, the seventh one was born as Samudrasen, and the eighth Kaaleya Brihann was born as the ever virtuous king Babhoov.
--Kukshi named Daitya became Parvateeya from his brightness as a gold mountain

--The great Asur Kathan became Sooryaaksh on Prithvi
--Soorya was born among Baalheek by the name Daarad 
--Sons of Krodhvashaa were born as many heroic kings - Madrak, Karnveshth, Siddhaarth, Keetak, Subeer, Subaahu, Mahaaveer, Baalheek, krth, Vichitra, Surath and Neel, Bhoomipaal and Dantvakra, Durjaya was born as Rukmee; and Janamejaya, Aashaadh, Vaayuveg and Bhooritejas, Eklavya, Sumitra, Vaatdhaan and Gomukh
--The tribe of kings Kaarooshkaash and Kshemdhoorti, Shrutaayu, Uddhav, and Brihatsen, Kshem, Ugrateerth, and king of Kaling, Matimaan, Eeshwar were all born of Krodhvashaa's sons.

--The great Asur Kaalnemi was born as Kans, the son of Ugrasen.
--Devak Asur was born as the king of Gandhrav.

--Drone, the son of Bharadwaaj, not born from any woman, was born from Brihaspati. He was the prince of all bowmen, conversant with all weapons, of mighty achievements, of great energy. He was also well-acquainted with the Ved and the science of arms. And he was of wonderful deeds and the pride of his race.
--His son Ashwatthaamaa was born from the united portions of Mahaadev, Yam, Kaam and Krodh.
--By the curse of Vashishth, and by the command of Indra were born the eight Vasu from Gangaa and Shaantanu - the youngest being Bheeshm who lived his life here.
--Kripaa was born from the tribe of Rudra.
--Shakuni was Dwaapar (Yug) himself.
--Saatyaki was born from Marut Gan.
--Drupad was also born from Marut Gan.
--Kritvarmaa was also born from the portion of Marut Gan.
--Viraat was also from Marut Gan.
--Hans, the son Arishtaasur, was born in Kuru race as the king of Gandharv.

--Dhritraashtra, born from Krishn Dwaipaayan blind because of the fault of his mother and the wrath of Vyaas Jee.
--Paandu was Purity's self.
--Vidur was Yam Raaj himself and was the son of Atri.
--Duryodhan was born from a portion of Kali (Yug). That is why he became the cause of killing of all.
--Duryodhan's 100 brothers were all Pulastya Raakshas' sons - Dushaasan being the first.
--Even Yuyutsu was one of them.

--Yudhisthir was the part of Dharm
--Bheemsen was the part of Vaayu Dev
--Arjun was the part of Indra Dev
--Nakul and Sahadev were the parts of Ashwinee Kumaar
--Abhimanyu, who was Arjun's son, was Chnadramaa's son
--Dhrishtdyumn was Agni Dev's son
--Shikhandee was Streepunsam Viddhi Raakshas
--Draupad, who was the King of Paanchaal, was Vishwe Dev
--Karn who had an armor, was the so of Soorya Dev
--Naaraayan Himself was born as Vaasudev
--Balaraam was Shesh Naag
--Pradyumn was Sanat Kumaar

Dhritraashtra's Sons and Others

Janamejaya said - "Tell me the names of Dhritraashtra's sons beginning with the eldest one." Vaishampaayan Jee said - "They were - (1) Duryodhan, and (2) Yuyutsu, and also (3) Duhshaasan; (4) Dusaha and (5) Duhshal, and then (6) Durmukh; (7) Vivinshati, (8) Vikarn, (9) Jalasandh, (10) Sulochan, (11) Vind and (12) Anuvind, (13) Durdharsh, (14) Subaahu, (15) Dush-pradarshan; (16) Durmarshan, (17) Dushkarn, (18) Karn; (19) Chitra and (20) Vipachitra, (21) Chitraaksha, (22) Chaaruchitra, and (23) Angad, (24) Durmad, (25) Dush-pradarsh, (26) Vivitsu, (27) Vikat, (28) Saam; (29) Urananaabh, (30) Padmanaabh, (31) Nand, (32) Upanandak; (33) Sanapati, (34) Sushen, (35) Kundodar, (36) Mahodar; (37) Chitrabaahu, (38) Chitravarmaa, (39) Suvarmaa, (40) Durvirochan; (41) Ayobaahu, (42) Mahaabaahu, (43) Chitrachap and (44) Sukundal, (45) Bheemveg, (46) Bheembal, (47) Balaakee, (48) Bheemvikram, (49) Ugraayudh, (50) Bheemaearaa, (51) Kanakaayu, (52) Dridhaayudh, (53) Dridhavarmaa, (54) Dridhakshatra, (55) Somkeerti, (56) Anaadar; (57) Jaraasandh, (58) Dridhasandh, (59) Satyasandh, (60) Sahastraveh; (61) Ugrashravaa, (62) Ugrasen, (63) Kshemamoorti; (64) Aparaajit, (65) Pandit, (66) Vishaalaaksh, (67) Durdhar, (68) Dridhahast, (69) Suhast, (70) Vaatveg, (71) Suvarch; (72) Aadityaketu, (73) Vahavaas, (74) Naagdatt, (75) Anuyain; (76) Nishaangee, (77) Kuvachee, (78) Dandee, (79) Dandadhar, (80) Dhanugraha; (81) Ugra, (82) Bheemarath, (83) Veer, (84) Veerabaahu, (85) Alolup; (86) Abhaya, (87) Raudrakarmaa, (88) Dridharath; (89) Anadrishya, (90) Kundved, (91) Viravee, (92) Deerghlochan; (93) Deerghbaahu; (94) Mahaabaahu; (95) Vyudhoru, (96) Kanakaangan; (97) Kundaj and (98) Chitrak.

Note - Here only 98 names are given, including Yuyutsu, while there should be 101 names if Yuyutsu's name is included. Besides These names do not match with the names of Dhritraashtra's sons mentioned in the war time when they were killed by Bheem. See the list of the people killed. Besides Ganguli's Sanskrit version (Book 1, Ch 61) doesn't give these names at the place where Ganguli has provided them in his English translation version - Book I, Section LXVII (Book 1, Section 67). In place of this the Sanskrit book gives the names Paandav and Vaasudev family's incarnations

Dhritraashtra also had a daughter named Dushalaa who was over and above these hundred sons. And Yuyutsu who was Dhritarashtra's son by a Vaishya wife, was also over and above the hundred. Thus, O king, I have recited the names of the hundred sons and also that of the daughter (of Dhritarashtra). You now known their names according to the order of their births. All of them were great warriors and well-versed in Ved. All of them were mighty in attack and defense. Dushalaa was married to Jayadrath, the King of Sindhu, at the advice of Shakuni.

Yudhishthir was a portion of Dharm Raaj. Bheemsen was was the portion of Vaayu Dev. Arjun was a portion of Indra and Nakul and Sahadev were the portions of Ashwinee Kumaar. Varch, who was the son of Som (Moon), was born as Abhimanyu. Before incarnating, Som said to the celestials, "I cannot part with my son, he is very dear to me, so his life should be short on Prithvi. It is celestials' duty to kill Asur, so it is pur duty too, so let him go there but not for too long time. Nar will be born as Indra's son, and will be known as Arjun, the son of Paandu, so let my son be his son and should stay only for 16 years. When he will be of 16 years, a war will take place, and a day will be there when Nar and Naaraayan will not be there to fight. A Chakra Vyooh will be designed by enemies, so let him defeat all his enemies at that time. He will kill one fourth army of enemy in half a day time. As the day will be over, my son should reappear before me." Hearing this all celestials said - "So be it" and worshipped him. This was  the account of birth of your grandfather.

Dhrishtdyumn was a portion of Agni Dev. Shikhandee was first a female and was an incarnation of a Raakshas. The five sons of Draupadee were the Vishwaas Devtaa. The sons' names were - Prativindhya, Sutasom, Shrutkeerti, Shataaneek, and Shrutsen.

Shoorsen was the father of Vasudev. He had a daughter named Prithaa. He promised to the son of his paternal aunt (Buaa) Kuntibhoj, who had no child, to give his first-born child in the expectation to gain some favors. So as his first child, a girl Prithaa, was born to him, he gave her to him. There she used to receive Braahman and guests. One day she attended Rishi Durvaasaa. Durvaasaa got very pleased with her services, so he said to her - "I am very pleased with you. Take this Mantra, you can invoke any Devtaa by this Mantra and you might have children from him. After a while, just curiosity sake she invoked Soorya Dev and Soorya Dev gave her a son who came with a Kavach (armor, or protection cover) and earring on his body. Kuntee with the fear of being maiden, took him in secrecy from their relations and flowed him in water. The child was taken up by the husband of Raadhaa, and both adopted him as their own son and and named him Vasusen.

When he grew up, he became excellent in weapons and there was nothing he did not give to Braahman. To protect his own son, Indra assumed the guise of a Braahman and begged his Kavach and earrings. Surprised at his donation, Indra gave him a Power and said - "To whoever you will aim this power, he will be slain." His original name was Vasusen, but because of his deeds, taking off his armor, he came to be known as Karn. Thus he was brought up in Soot caste. Later he became the counselor and friend of Duryodhan. And whose name was Vaasudev was Naaraayan himself; and Baladev (Balaraam) was a portion of Shesh Naag. Pradyumn was Sanat Kumaar. Thus many celestials incarnated in the family of Vaasudev on Prithvi.

Was Pradyumn not the incarnation of Rati's husband Kaam Dev? As Maanas, 1/6 says that when Shiv burnt Kam Dev, and Rati came to him weeping for her husband, he said - "Your husband will take birth as the son Krishn when He will incarnate in Dwaapar Yug." And according to Bhaagvat Puraan, 10/u5, when Pradyumn was born, the Raakshas Shambaraasur took him away and threw him in the sea where a fish swallowed him. The fish was caught by a fisherman and was brought to Shambaraasur. Shambaraasur gave it into his kitchen to cook it. Here Kaam Dev's wife Rati was waiting for him in the form of a cook. As soon as she saw the child she understood, that he was her husband Kaam Dev.

Apsaraa also incarnated on Prithvi. 16,000 portions of them came on Earth as Vaasudev's wives. A portion of Shree (Lakshmee) incarnated in the house of Bheeshmak as Rukminee. Draupadee was the portion of Shachee. Siddhi and Dhriti became the mothers of five - Kuntee and Maadree; and Mati became the daughter of Subal - Gaandhaaree.

Thus this is the account of incarnations.


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Created by Sushma Gupta On 05/27/04
Modified on 03/16/12