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Chapter 6

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6-Aatm-Sanyam Yog

1. Bhagavaan Krishn said - "Who does Karm (his duties) without being dependent (expecting) on its result, only he is Sanyaasee and Yogee. Sanyaasee is not the only one who has abandoned Agni (fire), and  Yogee is not only that who has abandoned activities.

2. Hey Paandav, Whatever is Sanyaas, you should consider the same as Yog; because nobody who has not  left  his Sankalp, can be Yogee.

3. With the desire to establish in Yog, To do Karm for a  .................

4. During which time a human being desires neither Indriyaan's pleasures nor he is attached to any Karm, at that time that man, who has abandoned all Sankalp, is called as established in Yog.

5. One should uplift himself from this world by himself only and should not try [to be born] in lower species, because the human being is his own friend and his own enemy as well.

6. Whichever Jeevaatmaa has controlled his body including mind and Indriyaan, he is his own friend; while who has not controlled them he is his own enemy.

7. Whichever Jeevaatmaa's mind is calm between cold and heat, sorrows and pleasures, respect and insult, such independent (not attached to anything) Jeevaatmaa has known Paramaatmaa very well and there is nothing else except Paramaatmaa in his Gyaan.

8. Who is contented with Gyaan and Vigyaan, who has no ill feeling in his heart, who has controlled his Indriyaan very well and for whom soil and gold are alike, he is Yogee (means he has attained Brahm), it is said so.

9. Who has the same feelings for everybody - whether he is Suhrid (who does selfless good to everybody), or a friend, or a enemy, or somebody is indifferent (Udaaseen), or is (Madhyasth) who wishes good to both parties, or his brother, or a religious man or a sinner, or anybody, is the highest.

10. Controlling his Indriyaan and mind a Yogee should meditate on Paramaatmaa without any expectation and without storing anything.

11. One should establish his Aaasan on a clean place which is neither very high nor very low, where first Kush [grass] is spread, then deer skin is spread and then some cloth is spread.

12. Sitting on such an Aasan, controlling his Indriyaan and mind, concentrating his mind he should practice Yog for the purification of his heart.

13. His body, head and neck all should be in straight line, unmoved and stable; his eyes should be on the front part of his nose without looking on any other side, ...

14. taking vow of Brahmcharya Vrat, fearless, with peaceful mind, the attentive Yogee should meditate on me with controlled mind.

15. such Yogee, who has controlled his mind, who always meditates on me, gets the ultimate peace.

16. Hey Arjun, This type of Yog is not completed by either who eats a lot or doesn't eat at all, or who sleeps a lot or doesn't sleep at all.

17. This type of Yog, which destroys sorrows, can be completed by only those who eat and drink normally, do Karm normally and sleep and wake normally.

18. In whichever time period a fully controlled mind gets established in Paramaatmaa, it is said that during that period that desireless man, is in Yog position.

19. As a lamp (its flame) doesn't shake in airless place, the same simile is used for the mind of a Yogee who is meditating on Paramaatmaa.

20. In whichever state, the mind becomes calm by practicing Yog and in whichever state the mind is contented in Paramaatmaa by knowing Him by subtle Buddhi ...

21. Whichever joy is beyond the pleasures of Indriyan, is attained through subtle pure Buddhi and is experienced in Yogee's heart in whichever state [of his mind], that Yogee doesn't move from Paramaatmaa's Swaroop (form).

22. Who doesn't regard anything else as his aim as to attain Paramaatmaa and in that situation he doesn't get shaken even by greatest sorrows.

23. One should know that Yog which is beyond this world full of sorrows. To do the same Yog with patience and enthusiasm is one's duty.

24. Abandoning all the desires which are born from Sankalp; and controlling Indriyaan through mind;

25. and practicing Yog gradually one should develop detachment, then establishing his mind in Paramaatmaa one should meditate only Paramaatmaa, nothing else.

26. One should concentrate his mind only in Paramaatmaa by continuously taking off this unstable and shakable mind from whichever pleasure in the world it wanders. 

27. Because whose mind is calm, who is sinless, whose Rajo Gun is pacified, such Yogee enjoys the highest pleasure when he is with Paramaatmaa.

28. That sinless Yogee, thus continuously thinking about Paramaatmaa, experiences the abundant joy of attaining Paramaatmaa.

29. Who is established in Pramaatmaa as one and who sees everybody alike, such Yogee sees soul in all beings and all beings in soul.

30. Who sees me in all beings and all beings in me (see also Geetaa 9/6), I do not disappear for him and he does not disappear for me (or I am always present for him and he is always present for me) 

31. Whoever Yogee establishing himself in me seeing me in all beings worships only me, that Yogee does all actions for me. 

32. Hey Arjun, whoever Yogee treats everybody as himself, and who takes sorrows and pleasures all alike, only that Yogee has been considered the highest.

33. Arjun said - "Hey Madhusoodan, Whatever Yog you have told, treating everybody like himself, I do not see it permanent because [human] mind is very volatile.

34. Because Hey Krishn, this mind is very volatile, firm, powerful and has ever changing nature, that is why I consider it very hard to control like stopping the wind."

35. Krishn said - " Hey long armed, There is no doubt that mind is very volatile and is hard to control, still Hey Kaunteya, it is controlled by practice and Vairaagya (detachment). (see also Geetaa 12/9)

36. Whose mind is not controlled, such a man cannot do Yog; and who has controlled his mind he can easily do it, that is what I think."

37. Arjun said - "Hey Krishn, Whoever has Shraddhaa (faith) in Yog, but has no control on his mind and that is why his mind has shaken from Yog, what kind of Gati he gets?

38. Hey long armed, Doesn't that baseless and deluded in the path of achieving Bhagavaan man get destroyed like scattered clouds?

39. Hey Krishn, Only you can clear my doubts, because it is not possible to get another one other than you who can clear my doubts.

40. Krishn said - "Hey Paarth, That man is neither destroyed in this Lok (Prithvi), nor he is destroyed in other Lok, because O Dear, whoever does any Karm for the upliftment of his soul, he never gets bad Gati.

41. The man fallen from Yog path (Yog Bhrasht), gets to Lok where good people reside. There he lives for long time then takes birth in noble families.

42. Or he doesn't go in those Lok, rather he takes birth in knowledgeable Yogee's houses, which is very difficult to get in the world.

43. There he gets the stored alike-mind Sanskaar very easily, and Hey Kuru-Nandan, because of [those Sanskaar] he tries to get Paramaatmaa harder than before.

44. [The same man], in spite of being fallen from Yog [in his previous life], gets attracted to Bhagavaan because of his previous practices and crosses the limits fruits of all Sa-Kaam Karm told in Ved.

45. But the Yogee who practices hard, becomes sinless and gets Param Gati in this life only with the effect of Sanskaar of previous lives.

46. Yogee is better than Tapaswee and Shaastra knower and doers of Sa-Kaam Karm, that is why Hey Arjun, you should be Yogee.

47. Among all Yogee, whoever meditates on me continuously with his soul with Shraddhaa, I regard that Yogee the highest.

End of Chapter 6 - Aatm-Sanyam Yog

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Created by Sushma Gupta On 5/27/04
Modified on 08/29/11