Dictionary Of Hindu Religion | Dictionary
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P-Q R S T-U V-W-X Y-Z
See also Uses of Tantra Under Tantra
Act. Actions. Duty. Work.
The concept of Karm is an integral part of Hinduism. Action and reaction govern all life. Karm is not fate, as man acts with free will creating his own Destiny. "If you sow Goodness, you will reap Goodness; if we sow evil, we will reap evil". Conquest of Karm lies in intelligent and detached action and dispassionate reaction. Not all Karm rebound immediately. While some Karm show their reaction in this very birth itself, others accumulate and return unexpectedly in this or other future births.
The Law of Karm is considered to be a Spiritually oriented law that can not be abrogated by any person but can be mitigated by God - the Karm Phal Daataa. Karm is not punishment or retribution, it is an extended expression of natural acts. The Bhagwad Geetaa sings eloquently on action and reaction and also about Nish-Kaamya Karm or Selfless action ie action without expecting any fruit in return.
Karm are eternal, no beginning is conceivable. What a person is receiving now is the fruit of what he has done in his past lives and so far in his present life. What one will do in his present life together with the accumulation of what has not been accounted for from the past actions, will determine what he will experience in the future.
Karm is the main and basic philosophy of Hindoo religion. Everything rests on Karm. Even our existence in this world is because of our Karm only. Nobody in this world can escape from performing Karm, not even God when He comes in the form of human being in this world, and the same Karm is the cause of the cycle of birth and death, joy and sorrow, profit and loss, fame and defame - means everything. According to Karm philosophy, law of Karm (law of actions and their reactions) pervades throughout our life. It is the driving force of our present and future. According to Yog tradition, Karm performed with selfish motive brings about bondage; while performing the same Karm selflessly or for the sake of duty alone, brings freedom from the cycle of birth and death.
Thus we have two paths to be free from the birth and death cycle - one, not to perform any Karm, which is almost impossible; two, to perform Karm selflessly without any self desire or indulging ourselves in worldly matters, pleasures, enjoyments etc. One should aspire for that.
Karm is governed by Gun - Saatwik, Raajasik and Taamasik. Karm can give its Phal (result) immediately or in other Janm (life). When a Karm gets ripe, it cannot be wiped off it can only be wiped off in case it is not riped, with your Tap, Saadhanaa, Dhyaan. If it is ripen then even God also cannot wiped it out and one has to bear its Phal. It is advisable to burn bad Karm, when they are not ripen by Tap, Dhyaan, Saadhanaa, Jap.
Types of Karm
Now remain Voluntary Karm. they may be divided in several types.
According to Shaastra
According to Three Gun
Natural Karm, or Swa-Dharm, or Sahaj Karm, or Niyat Karm, or Swabhaav Niyat Karm
According to Varn
According to Four Aashram
Yet Another Classification of Karm
(2) Praarabdh (destiny) - Praarabdh refers to that part of Sanchit Karm which has already been performed in the previous lives and now they have to be exhausted or consumed in this life. We are enjoying or suffering because of those Karm. Such actions begin to germinate fruits in this life time. That is why people say "Whatever we get in this lifetime, we get through our Praarabdh only". So even if a person is Gyaanee, due to his Praarabdh Karm, he will have to live on Prithvi for some time.
(3) Aagaamee (future) Karm - Aagaamee Karm are referred to those Karm which we accumulate in our present time or lives to be consumed in future.
Among these Sanchit Karm and Praarabdh Karm are our those Karm which we have stored by doing them in our previous lives.
Karm Yog and Karm Yogee
p 573 says that whichever Karm is done with these six purposes - Mantra, Dhyaan
(Meditation), Aushadhi (medicine), Kathaa, Mudraa (pose), and Yagya -
they all are good Karm and help to attain Dharm, Arth, Kaam and Moksh.
Karm Yog and Karm Yogee
Agni Puraan, p 573 says that whichever Karm is done with these six purposes - Mantra, Dhyaan (Meditation), Aushadhi (medicine), Kathaa, Mudraa (pose), and Yagya - they all are good Karm and help to attain Dharm, Arth, Kaam and Moksh.
Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/06
Updated on 01/05/12