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(1) Darkness.  (2) Ignorance.  (3) Name of one of the 14 Manvantars.  (3) One of the three Gun - Saatwik, Raajas and Taamas.

Betel leaf. It is called Paan also.

(1) Based on ignorance and sloth.  (2) Related to Taamas Gun.

Taandav Nritya

Who practices Tantra, or which is related to Tantra.

(1) Heat.  (2) Sorrows. There are three kinds of Taap - (1) Adhi-Bhautik Taap - Related to world. These sorrows are due to physical reasons, such as diseases; (2) Adhi-Daivik Taap - Related to Devtaa. These sorrows are given by Devtaa and Bhagavaan, like famine, no rains, flood, earthquake etc. (3) Adhyaatmic Taap - Related to soul. This type of sorrow is related to spiritual knowledge. When there are lots of things to know and only very few are known, that is called Adhyaatmic Taap. Adhi-Bhautik Taap can be relieved by taking medicine etc; Adhi-Daivik Taap can not be cured; and Adhyaatmik Taap can be removed only by knowledge.

(1) Star.  (2) Name of wife of King Baali.  (3) Name of Dev Guru Brihaspati.

(1) Father.  (2) A term of endearment for younger person also.


One of the three Gun - Saatwik, Raajas and Taamas. Raajas is called Taijas also.

Taittireeya Sanhitaa    see     Ved, Yajur

Taittireeya Upanishad
One of the 18 main, otherwise 108 Upanishad.

Tamo Gun
Tendency for ignorance and sloth. One of the three Gun - Saatwik, Raajas and Taamas.

Son. Putra.

Daughter, for example, Maya Tanayaa means daughter of Maya.  Putree.


(1) Subtle element. Root element.  (2) Tanmaatraa is the subject of each Indriya (sense),
Thus there are five Tanmaatraa - pleasures of Gyaan Indriyaan, for example smell is the Tanmaatraa of nose, seeing (Roop) is the Tanmaatraa of eyes, hearing (Shabd) is the Tanmaatraa of ears, taste (Ras) is the Tanmaatraa of tongue, and touch is the Tanmaatraa of skin..


Tap, Tapas, Tapasyaa     see also   Vairaagya
(1) Heat. 
(2) Translated as penance or austerities, otherwise it literally means to glow, or to shine. In spiritual tradition it helps one to attain control over one's senses and mind, he becomes vibrant and overcomes his weaknesses. It is certainly different from penance or even austerity which usually implies self-mortification. The basic purpose of Tap is to win the feelings of opposites, such as heat and cold, pleasure and pain at physical level, and reveal the hidden powers of the body, mind and senses to become more creative in life. To tolerate difficulties and pain for Dharm. Leaving all wishes is also called Tap. Total dedication to desirable objective even if it entails physical and/or mental discomfort. Torturing one's body to please God is not Tap and is condemned by Geetaa - 17/5-6. (3) Prolonged meditation. (4) Austerity, practical (i.e., result-producing) spiritual discipline; spiritual force. Literally it means the generation of heat or energy, but is always used in a symbolic manner, referring to spiritual practice and its effect, especially the roasting of Kaarmik seeds, the burning up of Karm.

There are three types of Tap - Shaareerik (physical), Maanasik (mental), and Vaachik (speech related), and the best means for them are , respectively, Aasan-siddhi, Praanaayaaam, and Maun (keeping silence). Tap makes one fitter for real Japa + Yagya, which Geetaa extols as the highest form of Yajgya (because it is done during Samaadhi).

Forest inhabitation of meditators. Where people do Tap, meditation and austerities.

Quiver - in which arrows are kept. Arjun had two such quivers which were inexhaustible, given by Agni Dev when Arjun gratified him by burning Khaandav Van. He gave him Gaandeev bow and two inexhaustible quivers.

Libation of water allowed to fall from the palm of the hand is Tarpan. It is one of the five daily Yagya, presenting libation of water to the deceased ancestors, to the manes, Devtaa and Rishi. Small vessels made of brass or bronze are usually used in this ritual. Normally Tarpan is performed standing in waist level water, but now-a-day people do it at home in the inaccessibility of water bodies near them. It may be daily, on Shraaddh day (annually) or on the death day, or monthly. Several Poorva Aachaarya have codified the method of Tarpan - some of them are Aapastambh, Bodhayaan; Drahyayaan.

Tattwa  see also   Panch Mahaa-Bhoot

Tattwa Gyaan
Elemental knowledge. Knowledge about Tattwa, means knowledge about Brahm.

(1) A mark, round dot, or a long mark, or a horizontal mark on forehead. These marks are different for different worshippers. The most common marks are one large dot, a small (about 1 and 1/2" long) vertical line, or three thin long lines, or three horizontal lines, or U shape lines. These marks are drawn by Rolee (red vermilion), or sandalwood paste, or Haldee (turmeric powder), or ashes (Vibhooti dedicated to Shiv). This is done to purify the worshipper's body and they are the representations of God's grace and power.
(2) When somebody is given an honor, he is applied this Teekaa. Rolee is used to put 1 and 1/2" long vertical line on the forehead and a couple of rice grains are also put on that line and is given some sweets and money.
(3) When a marriage is settled, Teekaa (clothes, sweets, money, some ornament) is given to groom from girl's side to confirm the relation.

Teerth,  Teerth Sthaan,  Teerth Snaan,  Teerth Yaatraa,  Teerth Yaatree

Tej (Geetaa, 16/3)
The power of good people. By the effect of that power even attached and low natured people do not behave in their way, rather they behave properly.

(1) Deity.  (2) Idol of deity.  (3) Ruler.


Tikka    see    Teekaa

Sesame seeds. (Bhavishya Puraan, p 83) says that sesame seeds have appeared from Kashyap's body part, and are very dear to Devtaa and Pitar. They are considered very sacred in Snaan, Daan, Havan, Tarpan, and food.

Tilak   see   Teekaa

Time   (includes Ways to Divide Time;   Brahmaa's Age,  Division of time in one day etc information)

Time Measurement in China
It is interesting to read this as how they divide their time.

Tiryak Yoni
All Tiryak Yoni are very low species, such as, worms, birds, creepers, animals, insects etc. 

Tithi    see also   Poorv Viddhaa

Tolerating pain, trouble and sorrow, got through justice, is called Titikshaa. 
(Bhaagvat Puraan, 11/16)

Tongues of Fire     see    Agni for detailed description
There are seven tongues of fire - Kaalee, Karaalee, Manojavaa, Sulohitaa, Sudhoomra-varn, Sphulinginee, and Vishwaruchi. Vaidik Rishi could see these seven colors of fire very clearly. They arise during the fire ceremony from the fire that is well-lit.


The 13th day of the fortnight of Lunar calendar.

Tretaa Yug    see    Yug
The second of the four divisions of time - Sat Yug, Tretaa Yug, Dwaapar Yug, and Kali Yug.

Three Gun - Sat, Raj and Tam.

Tri-Bhuvan     see     Tri-Lok

The Lord of the three worlds - Swarg, Paataal and Prithvi; means Vishnu.

Tri means three and Das means ten; so Tri-Das means tree times ten - 30. This word is used for 33 Crore deities in Hindu religion - twelve Aaditya, eight Vasu. eleven Rudra, and two Ashwinee Kumaar.

(1) A mountain towards south east of India, near Sri Lankaa on which Raavan's golden Lankaa was built by Maya Daanav.  (2) The spot between the eyebrows where Yogee concentrate their mind while meditating.

Who has three eyes - Shiv.

Three worlds - Bhoo (Earth or Prithvee). Buvah (space between Earth and the Heaven), and Swah (Swarg or Heaven). These with Aum and the Gaayatree, according to Manu, are the principal part of the Ved.  Yaagyavalkya Jee says - "By these, the Supreme should be worshiped. To remove doubt whether or not that cause signified by Aum exists separately from the effects, the text of the Vyaahriti is next read explaining that God eternally exists pervading the Universe."

Tri means three; Path means way; and Gaa means which goes. Which goes on three paths. Another name of Gangaa. Since Gangaa flows in three Lok, that is why she is called Tri-pathagaa. From 1st Shukla to 10th Shukla (10 days) she lives in Paataal Lok; from 11th Shukla to 5th Krishn (10 days) she lives in Swarg Lok; from 6th Krishn to Amaavasyaa (10 days) she lives on Prithvi.
(Naarad Puraan, p 640)

Mixture of three fruits - Harad, Bahedaa, and Aamalaa, all dried and ground. IT has a great medicinal value in Aayur Ved.

Tripur Rahasya

Trident of Shiv.

The desire for having more women, sons, wealth etc materials in spite of having sufficient of them, is called Trishnaa. This is a very tangible form of Kaamanaa (desire).


Trishtup    see also    Chhand
A kind of meter for Sanskrit poetry.

The 3rd. The 3rd day of the 15-day Paksh of Hindu Lunar month.

Bhagavaan's Vaaman Avataar. He was born in Kashyap and Aditi's house as a dwarf boy to take Swarg back from king Bali who had become the king of the Tri-Lok. Then He went to Bali and asked him to give Him three feet land and measured three Lok in His two feet.

Shiv - the three-eyed

Tulaa Daan    see also    Daan
Tulaa means balance (to weigh) and Daan means donation - giving something equal to one's weight.



One (in Vaidik Sanskrit only).

Tyaag and Tyaagee (Geetaa, 18/12)
(1) Divorce.  (2) Resignation.  (3) Surrender.  (4) Abandoning or leaving something, for example "He has abandoned rice.", or "He has abandoned his children." Who does this Tyaag, he is called Tyaagee. Besides, according to Geetaa, whoever expects no fruits of his Karm, has no attachment with his actions, and has no ego in doing them, only he is Tyaagee.

Parv.  Festivals

Now a days people use soaps and other sweet smelling material while talking bath to clean their bodies, but in olden days they used to use Ubatan. But even now many people use Ubatan while taking bath. Ubatan is a paste of flour, water, oil mixed with some fragrant herbs to clean the body and to make it fragrant and beautiful.

Udaan   see also   Vaayu
One of the five Vaayu (air) living in the body. It is the air which we breathe upward.



Indifferent. Neutral.

There are four types of Jeev (living beings) taking birth in this world,  which are created according to one's Karm (actions) - (1) Udbhij which are born by bursting out the Earth such as trees, and mountains etc, (2) Swedaj which are born from sweat, such as bedbug etc, (3) Andaj which are born from eggs, such as chicken, and many birds, fish etc; and (4) Jaraayuj which are born with Naal attached to their mother such as human beings and many animals.

Undisciplined.  Troublemaker.

Udgaataa    see also    Yagya
There are four people to perform a Yagya - Hotaa, Adhwaryu, Udgaataa and Brahmaa. And when a Yagya is completed like this, it is called Chaaturhotra. (1) Hotaa to chant Rig Ved, (2) Adhwaryu to chant Yajur Ved, (3) Udgaataa to chant Saam Ved, and (4) Brahmaa to chant Atharv Ved. According to Bhaagvat 3/12 his Karm is Stutistom.

(1) Chanting of Om.  (2) Chanting of Saam Ved. Who chants Saam Ved Mantra in a Yagya, he is called Udgaataa.

Udyaapan    see also    Paaran
Concluding part of a Vrat or Yagya etc. This concluding part is done at the end of the one Vrat or day fast or day, or at the end of a series of Vrat or Yagya. Some Kathaa also need Udyaapan, such as Bhaagvat Kathaa.

Luminous.  Glorious.


Ulook   see also   Birds
Ulloo. Owl.

Paavatee. Her other names are Durgaa, Satee, Gauree, Kaalee, Bhavaanee, Annpoornaa, Aparnaa.
(1) This name, Umaa, is mentioned in Ken Upanishad and Kaali Daas's Kumaarsambhav - "Umeti Maatraa Tapaso Nishiddhaa, Pashchaad Umaa Khaayaang Sumukhee Jagaam" ("U" means "Oh" and "ma" means "do not" Thus was she was restrained from Tapas by her mother, thereafter she of beautiful face went by the name of Umaa."
(2) Umaa is mentioned in Tulasee Daas Jee's Raam Charit Maanas also. Its one Chaupaaee is very famous - "Mangal Bhavan Amangal Haare, Umaa Sahit Jehi Japat Puraaree".

Unchchh Vritti
There are several ways to subsist upon - by earning; by begging; by taking the scattered grains from where it is sold; by taking scattered grains from the farm.


(1) Intoxicated. (2) Insane. (3) Out of control.

Unmesh    see also    Nimesh
(1) Opening the eyes - it represents the beginning of the day of Brahmaa and the Creation. It is the creative aspect of God.

Upaadaan Kaaran      see also      Kaaran
Upaadaan Kaaran is Material cause, Naimitt Kaaran being efficient cause.

Upaadhyaaya   see also   Aachaarya,     Guru,  
(1) Spiritual teacher. 
(2) Who teaches only one part of Ved or Vedaang (from among six parts of Ved) for his living he is called Upaadhyaaya.
(Bhavishya Puraan, p 15)

This is a joint word - Up + Aakhyaan. Up means smaller and Aakhyaan means story. Thus Upaakhyaan means a side story.

Who does Upaasanaa.


(1) Enjoyment.  (2) Consumption.

(1) Remedy.  (2) Service.  (3) Courtesy.

(1) Instruction. (2) Advice. (3) Preaching.

Upagraha    see also   Graha
Along with 9 main Graha (Planets), there are 10 Upagraha or shadowy planets in Jyotish, like Dhoom, Vyatipaat, Paridhi, Indrachaap, Upaketu, Mandee, Gulikaa, Kaal, Yamaghantakaa, Arth prahaar, and Mrityu. There is a methods for their calculation.

To make a mockery.

Upakarm and Utsarjan
Upaakarm means beginning of the Ved study and Utsarjan means - ending of Ved study. Upakarm another meaning is to change the Yagyopaveet on Shraavan Poornimaa.

(1) comparison. (2) Simile. (3) A south Indian savory dish made out of semolina.

Upanayan    see also   Sanskaar



(1) Epilog. (2) Conclusion.

Upavaas    see also   Vrat and Fasts

When Yagyopaveet is worn over left shoulder and under right arm, it is called Upaveet. A Brahmchaaree should wear his Yagyopaveet like this only. Whatever Dharm act is done without tying Shikhaa and wearing Yagyopaveet, it is not methodical.

Secondary Puraan. There are 18 main Puraan, and there are some Upa Puraan also.

Secondary gem to use according to one's horoscope, in the absence of the main Primary Ratn. It is used because many tims the Primary Ratn are very expensive. See Ratn in Astrology for detailed description.


Utsarjan    see also    Upaakarm
Ending of Ved study.

Festival.  Festivity celebrations with pomp and show.

(1) North direction.   (2) Reply.  (3) Latter.   (4) Future.

Uttar Meemaansaa   see   Vedaant,     see also  Poorv-Meemaansaa

Uttar Raamcharit
A drama written by Bhavabhooti depicting the latter period of Raam's life.

Uttaraayan Kaal   see    Dakshinaayan

Further and further.


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Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/06
Updated on 08/27/13