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Baajpeya Yagya      see     Yagya

Baal Gopaal
(1) Little children.  (2) Child Krishn.

Baalkhilya (Rishi)
A class of Divine beings. They are 60,000 in number and always recite Ved Mantra sitting on Soorya's chariot. Their size is said to be equal to thumb.

Baan Ling

Baans     see also    Trees  for the names of other trees
Bamboo. Flutes are made of the bamboo; otherwise also it is used to make many things.

Baarhaspatya Measurement of Time

Wick. A long thread made of normally raw cotton, to light the lamp.

Bad (Tree)     see also     Trees  for the names of other trees
Banyan tree. This is also considered a sacred tree and is worshipped in India. It is believed that it is an immortal tree. When everything was destroyed after the Pralaya, Maarkandeya Muni saw Hari as a baby on this tree leaf only. Its branches grow so long that they come down, reach the ground and grow again as a separate tree from there. There is a very old banyan tree in KalKatta (now Kolkata) in India under which a king's army took rest once.

Badav means trees; and Anal means fire. Thus Badavaanal means "the fire which burns the forest".

According to Bhaagvat Puraan, 9/12, one Baddh is 13,084.

(1) For a king, there are 6 types of Bal - (1) Power of wealth, (2) Power of allies, (3) Power of forests, (4) Power of paid soldiery, and (5) Power of mechanical and trading classes. Among these strengths power of allies and power of wealth are superior to the rest.
(2) In astrology also planets have their strength, that is also called Bal, or how powerful that planet is.

Bali   see also   Yagya-Special
(1) A Daitya King named Bali in Hiranyakshyap and Prahlaad family
(2) Sacrifice, normally of any animal. These Bali are normally given to Maa Kaalee.

An auspicious thing to do while doing religious ceremonies or Poojaa. Two leaves of mango tree, or Ashok tree are tied at a 5-6 inches distance in a string and is hung on the top of doorways using nails on both the sides of the door.

Battee      see        Baatee

Young Braahman boy.

(1) Another name of Shiv. One of the terrific manifestations of Shiv, shown as Bhairav whose Vaahan is a fierce dog. There are others also, such as Kaal Bhairav, Nakuleshwar Bhairav. Batuk Bhairav is called "Siddhi-da" or conferring felicity or success.  (2) Traveler. 

Beej     see also    Beej Mantra
(1) Seed.  (2) Source.  (3) Om word is known as Pranav, Beej or Mool Mantra.

Bel Tree   see also    Phal (Fruits)  for the names of the other fruits

The 6th month of Hindoo Lunar calendar.

Bhaagavat Puraan      see also      Puraan
One of the 18 Puraan.

Another name River Gangaa.

Fate.  Destiny.  In common usage Hindoo use Bhaagya to explain the cause of events they cannot control. Yet they believe that what is written in one's fate is the result of one's own past Karm (deeds), good or bad. One has to reap good or bad consequences of his own Karm. The Aajeevik sect of 6th century BC proposed that all happenings are determined by Niyati (Destiny) and Destiny is the circumstance over which man has no control, past, present or future. But Hindoo have rejected this doctrine.

The center part of the forehead. Maathaa

Bhaar    see      Weight Measurements

Another name of Saraswatee.

Another name of Soorya.

Bhadra Kumbh
Bhadra as a noun is used for gentleman and as an adjective is used for "related to gentleman". Kumbh means Kalash or pitcher. Thus Bhadra Kumbh is the auspicious golden jar filled with consecrated water used solely for the consecration (Abhishek) of kings.

Another name of Durgaa.

(1) Female generation organ,
(2) A name of 12 names of Soorya Dev in Indian Lunar Makar month (Jan-Feb). Bhag is described in Rig Ved as a god with 11,000 bright golden rays. The day this Makar month starts is called Makar Sankraman. It is also referred to as Uttaraayan Punyakaal.


Feminine of Bhagavan. She also has all those Gun which are in Bhagavan.

Bhagvad Geetaa


(1) A musical Raag in Indian music.  (2) Another name of Durgaa.

(Noun) - (1) Devotional songs. 
(Verb) - (2) Singing devotional songs. To Worship.

Devotee. Who does Bhakti.


Bharat Naatyam Dance

Bhasm    see    Vibhooti

(1) Mars. It is known as Mangal, Kuj (Kujaa), Rakt, Veer, and Angaarak also.  (2) Bhaum Vaar means Mangal Vaar - Tuesday.

Bhautik Shareer
Physical body.

Another name of Durgaa.  Feminine of Bhav - a name of Shiv.

Bhavishya Puraan      see also     Puraan
One of the 18 Puraan.

(1) Difference. (2) Kinds or types - For example "This donation has 10 Bhed.", means "This donation is of 10 types".  (2) One of the four policies - Saam, Daam, Dand, Bhed. In this sense it means to create differences between two or more people.

(1) Alms.  (2) Begging. Besides normal beggars (poor people), there are some others also who go for Bhikshaa. Children living with Guru for education, as Brahmchaaree, used to go to ask for Bhikshaa - asking for food. Vaanprasthee and Sanyaasee also used to go house to house for Bhikshaa asking for food.

(1) Beggar.  (2) Yati, who subsists on alms.

Bilva      see      Bel

Noun - (1) Naivedya. The eatables offered to Bhagavaan for His eating. 
Verb - (1) To eat.  (2) To enjoy or suffer according to one's Karm.
Results or fruit of some Karm. (3) Bhog or enjoyment is of five kinds - pleasant of sound (Shabd from ears); pleasure of touch (Sparsh from skin); pleasure of seeing beautiful thins (Roop from eyes); pleasure of tasting delicious food (Ras from mouth and tongue); and pleasure of sweet smell (Gandh from nose).  

Bhog Bhoomi    see also    Karm Bhoomi
Where people enjoy the fruits of their Karm. Swarg and Narak are Bhog Bhoomi, as people enjoy or suffer for their actions there.

Bhoj Patra
Birch tree bark.  This bark was used for writing in ancient times.

Bhoo Lok
Prithvi, or the Earth.

Bhoo Sur
Devtaa on Prithvi - means Braahman.

Bhoomi Sookt
Sookt 12-1 of Atharv Ved consisting of 63 Mantra. It is an outstanding Sookt (hymn) dedicated to the praise of one's own land of birth from the point of view of the contents and poetic beauty. It is called Prithvi Sookt also.

Bhoor Lok      see also      Prithvi
According to MBH, Bhoor Lok is of 500 million (50 Crore) Yojan extent. In Bhoor Lok, there are seven islands - Jamboo, Pluksh, Shaalmali, Kush, Kraunch, Shaak and Pushkar which are surrounded by seven seas. The outer island from the inner island, and the outer sea from the inner sea are of just double their size. Ksheer (milk), Ikshu (sugarcane juice), Kshaar (salty), Ghrit (ghee or clarified butter), Dadhya (buttermilk), Ksheer-salil, and Jal (sweet water) - these are the seven oceans. Vishnu rests in Ksheer Saagar.

Bhoot     see also    Panch Mahaa-bhoot
(1) Living being.  (2) Past.  (3) Five elements of nature - Prithvi (Earth), Vaayu (Air), Aakaash (Space), Agni (Fire), and Jal (Water).  (4) Bhoot are unclean spirits. They are ghosts of all kinds against which protective Mantra are used. A sample may be found in the Garud Puraan, Ch cxcix.

Individual soul.

Beneficial to beings - Shiv.

Another name of Shiv.

Black bee, or Bumble bee. Bhaunraa, or Bhanvaraa, or Madhukar, or Milind.


Bhrigu Sanhitaa

Another name of Shesh Naag.

Eating, such as Ek Bhukt means eating only once in a day.


The Lord of the three Lok, Vishnu.

God as Divine mother.

Bilva      see      Bel

(1) Zero.  (2) Dot.  (3) Originally a red-colored circular mark put in the middle on the forehead by Indian women. It used to be common to all religions earlier, but as time passed, it has become exclusive to the women of the Hindu families. Until the early 20th century this was a mark of married woman who stopped using it if they became widow. Unmarried girls could also use this Bindee as until they became widow, they were considered Suhaagin (married and whose husband is alive). But now-a-days it has become a fashion, regardless of marital status, it is neither restricted to red color, nor does it need to be circular.

Birds   for the names of various birds

Birds, Special
Some special birds are described here.

Black Magic

Black Moon   see     Blue Moon

Black Onyx    see    Hakeek

Blue Moon

Body is of several types -
(1) Physical body or Empirical body - this is the body we have, 
(2) Avataar's body - this is the body Bhagavaan takes, 
(3) Causal Body - this is the body which is the cause of our birth, normally it consists of the records of our Karm,
(4) Subtle body - the Sookshm body which leaves our physical body when we die. Subtle body and Causal body live together and cause us to take birth again, and
(5) Dream body - this is the body we take in our dreams, this body gets physically hurt, but still our own physical body does not get hurt; of course emotions are felt - we laugh, we weep, we cry, we fear in dreams and still feel their effect after we wake up.


Braahman's Karm

God, the Supreme Soul - Paramaatmaa. Brahm, according to Chhaandogya Upanishad is "Tajjalaan" (tat-ja-laan) - that from whom the Universe is born and into whom it will return and by whom it is sustained He is Parameshwar and is sometimes called Param Brahm also. He is considered to live in everybody's heart as His Individual Soul (Aatmaa). According to Ved, there is one God. He expresses Himself as Soorya (Sun), Indra, Varun, Mitra etc. According to Upanishad, Brahm is the Supreme Soul, is indefinable, is Eternal and is the Creator of the Universe. With this theory He performs these function with His three forms - Brahmaa, Vishnu and Shiv. He is neither male nor female, or if you will, both. As both He is Shiv and Shakti or Shiv and Durgaa - Shiv being male and Shakti or Durgaa being female. Thus Shiv and Durgaa together represent God in the form of "Ardh-Naareeshwar" - an image of half male and half female.

Brahm Astra
It is Brahmaa's Astra and it is used only in emergency. It should not be used on humans. It is given to those who live with a great discipline. If the two Brahm Astra have to neutralize their effect, there is a 2 year drought wherever they get neutralize. (from MBH) No person of un-cleansed soul could withdraw it once it was let off. It could be withdrawn only by that who had led the life of a Brahmchaaree, if has not done so then it will put the user himself in danger. Even Devtaa etc cannot withdraw it. Meghnaad had it; Arjun got it from his Guru Drone but Ashwatthaamaa took it from his father Drone because of the jealousy of Arjun. That is why he could not withdrew it when Vyaas and Naarad Jee requested him to withdraw it. It fell down on Uttaraa's wom.

Brahm Belaa
Morning time when only a few stars are visible in the sky.

Brahm Dand
It is the staff in the hands of an ascetic.

Brahm Gyaan
Knowledge about Brahm, or Divine knowledge.

Brahm Hatyaa
Killing of a Braahman. It is considered great sin.

Brahm Koorch       see also       Panch Gavya
Mix 1 Pal cow's urine (saying Gaayatree Mantra), cow dung equal to half thumb (with "Gandh Dwaaraam Duraadharshaa.." Mantra from Shree Sookt), 7 Pal milk (with "Aapyaaya Swa..." Mantra from Yajur Ved, 12/112), 2 Pal yogurt (with "Dadhi Kraavno..." Mantra from Yajur Ved 23/32), 1 Pal Ghee (with "Tejo Asi Shukra Masyamrit Masi..." Mantra from Yajur Ved 22/1) , and 1 Pal Kush water (with "Devasya..." Mantra frm Yajur Ved 20/3) together. All mixed together is called Brahm Koorch. (Pal is somewhere is equal to 4 Tolaa and somewhere it is 8 Tolaa - see Measurement-Weight)
[Agni Puraan, p 361-362]

Brahm Lok
Brahm Lok is another term for Vaikunth. It is above Brahmaa's Lok.

Brahm Muhoort
Duration of an hour and half before sunrise, or pre-dawn, normally between 5 and 6 am in Northern India. It is called Prabodh Kaal also.

Brahm Puraan       see also      Puraan

Brahm Randhra       see also     Chakra
Brahm means related to God, and Randhra means "hole". This is the point from where the soil leves the body for his Final Journey. This exists in the brain of a person, where a Sahastra Dal Kamal (1,000 petal lotus) is lying.

Brahm Sootra
Name of the book written by Baadaraayan claiming to present the entire contents of the genuine Upanishad in the form of 555 short aphorisms in four chapters. [By comparison Shree Mad Bhaagvat contains 18,000 full Shlok. This book is also known as "Vedaant Sootra". The term Vedaant has recently become more popular meaning "the Final Message of the Ved".

Brahm Vidyaa
Paraa Vidyaa; or knowledge of Brahm; or knowledge of total existence or spiritual wisdom that leads to seeker to the realization of Brahm. According to Upanishad this Vidyaa, knowledge, is absolute, that is why after knowing this "the unheard becomes heard, and the unknown becomes known". Read Prasthaan Trayee to know about it.


Brahmaa's Age



Brahmaand Puraan      see also      Puraan

Literally means "The country where God lives. It was the name of the region which later came to be known as Hariyaanaa.

A sage who has attained Brahm

Who observes Brahmcharya. There are four lifelong Brahmchaaree - Hanumaan Jee, Naarad Jee, Bheeshm Pitaamaha, and Sanakaadi Muni.


Brahmvaivart Puraan      see also     Puraan
One of the 18 Puraan.

Name of a work describing Vaidik deities.

Brihadaaranyak (Upanishad)
Name of one of the genuine Upanishad.

(1) Another name of Indra.  (2) Father of Jaraasandh.  (3) Name of the last king of the Maurya Dynasty.

Brihaspati or Guru
(1) Dev Guru.  (2) Father of Bharadwaaj Rishi in c 2000 BC.  (3) The author of the book of Aphorisms preaching atheism on the lines of Charvaak around 400 AD.  (4) Planet Jupiter.

Buddha   see also    Bauddh Rligion
Awakened, or enlightened means Gautam Buddha.

(1) Planet Mercury.  (2) Son of Chandramaa - his son was Pururavaa who started Chandra Vansh.  (3) Budh Vaar - the 4th day of the week - Wednesday.



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Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/06
Updated on 06/28/13