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Expiation. Redemption. In Hindu religion, most kinds of sins can be cleared by doing Praayashchit. Praayashchit means = Praaya means Tapas (deep meditation) and Chit means definitely .That is for the sin or fault committed by us, if we do redemptive acts like Krichhra Vrat, Sharanaagathi (surrender) as per Shaastra, it is believed that the sin would be removed. These acts of redemption are called Praayashchit. This Praayashchit is mostly in the form of fast, donation, Yagya etc. In classics like Manu Smriti, Paraashar Smriti and other sources the redemption for doing voluntary abortion are as following;
(1) performance of Krichhra Chandraayan Vrat (which is a bit tough for today's world for householders. ....one takes one handful of rice as whole day's food on 1st lunar day and 2 handfuls on 2nd Tithi and 15 handfuls on Full Moon day.... completing the fast on New Moon day... There is no bar in drinking pure water... (but drinking tea , coffee or milk, yogurt, Sharbat etc prohibited) for one year. Beside the condition on food, there is condition that one should try his best not to tell a single lie or commit any untruthful action. Unless one is very well versed in Soorya-bhed Pranaayaam... (art of reducing the metabolic rate of burning or spending our body energies through Praanaayaam) it becomes very tough to continue this Vrat without neglecting the general household duties. Everyday the person takes the food (handful size = equal to the average size of a hen's egg) after seeing the Moon. Since this Vrat follows movement of Moon... this is called Chandraayan = Chandra + Ayan (movement). The person should take the name of Lord Krishn in any form he likes throughout the day ... meditating upon Krishn. Even childless people get children after performance of this Vrat even after doctors have declared them as impotent or barren. Such is the wonderful grace of the Lord .
(2) Regular observance of Upavaas (meaning staying close to Lord by doing meditation and taking Lord's name) eating light food and drinks, maintaining truthfulness in behavior on all 24 Ekaadashee days of the year for 11 years.
(3) Doing regular Praanaayaam for 48 minutes in the morning and in the evening for 1 years at least.
Doing regular recitation and meditation on Gaayatree mantra for 48 minutes
a day for 3 years.
Results of Doing Praayashchit
There is no Praayashchit for the one who does Mahaa-Paatak intentionally. The only Praayashchit is to fall from a mountain or falling in fire. That is the Praayashchit only for those Mahaa-Paatak not done intentionally.
Because Praayashchit acts after death are banned in the Kali age, for the acts of passion done intentionally resulting in a Mahaa-Paatak, the suffering for hell is bound to be there. But if he does the 12 year Saadhya Prayashchit, other people can move with him.
Mantras and Vrat for Praayashchit
said to Parashuraam Jee - "Now I tell you about the Praayashchit of Gupt (secret, or hidden) sins.
Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/06
Updated on 04/04/13