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See also Vishnu's Aparaadh; Avataar; Vishnu's Avataar; Vishnu Sahastra Naam
Literally Vishnu means "All Pervading God". God gives birth, preserves us and then takes away our lives. In this role, Vishnu is one of the three forms of Paramaatmaa - Brahmaa, Vishnu and Mahesh. In the form of Brahmaa He creates the world; in the form of Vishnu, He sustains the creation; and in the form of Mahesh or Shiv, He destroys His creation.
Although originally Vishnu was formless, the Puraan gave Him a human form with four hands resting on Shesh Naag on the ocean of Milk (Ksheer Saagar). He has Paanchjanya conch in one hand, a discus called Sudarshan Chakra in another hand, Kaumodakee Gadaa (mace) in His third hand, and a lotus flower in His fourth hand. Historically Paanchjanya conch and Sudarshan Chakra were held by Krishn. Later when Vishnu's four-armed figure was conceived these two items traveled from Krishn to Vishnu. He is said to have Shree Vats mark on His chest, He has a jewel on His wrist called Syaamantak Mani and another on His breast called Kaustubh Mani. His ride is Garud. A Pauraanik story goes to have a lotus come out of His navel on which Brahmaa sits. He lives in Vaikunth along with His consort Lakshmee.
At several places Vishnu's several forms have been mentioned. --
Puraan, p 145) Puraan, Nyaaya, Meemaansaa, Dharm Shaastra and Ved including its six parts - all are
called Vishnu's form.
Padm Puraan gives the description of His Dhaam and guards like this :-
Mahaadev Jee said to Paarvatee Jee - "Vishnu's Param Dhaam is called Vaikunth Dhaam also. There are many states there. And in there are innumerable gem-studded Vimaan and palaces. There is a Divine city in the middle of that, which is called Ayodhyaa which is surrounded by boundary wall and high gates. There are pictures made from gems and gold.
Chand etc guards and Kumud etc Dikpaal guard it constantly. On its eastern gate are Chand and Prachand; on its southern gate are Bhadra and Subhadra; on its western gate are Jaya and Vijaya; and on its northern gate are Dhaataa and Vidhaataa. Kumud, Kumudaaksh, Pundareek, Vaaman, Shankukarn, Sarvnidra, Sumukh, Supratishthit - these are the Dikpaal of that city.
In the center of the city, there is a palace of Vishnu. In the center of that palace is a throm=ne Vishnu and Lakshmee are sitting in the center of an 8-petal lotus flower. In the center of that flower is the pistil, named Saavitree, and there sit Vishnu with Lakshmee Jee. Vishnu's complexion is like blue lotus flower. His all body parts are most beautiful. Lakshmee is sitting on His left side. She is also very beautiful. On 8 petals are sitting 8 Shakti - Vimalaa, Utkarshinee, Gyaanaa, Kriyaa, Yogaa, Pranhee, Satyaa, and Eeshaanaa.
Here Vishnu sits in a Divine Vimaan. There are
pillars studded with gems and there is a golden seat which is supported by
Aadi Shakti. Upon that is an 8-petal lotus flower, also studded with
various gems, and Naaraayan sits on that lotus flower. On His right side
is Lakshmee Jee and on His left is Bhoo Devee. Vimalaa ets Shakti serve
them from the 8 petals of the flower. This was the description of His one
Vyooh" After this he described His other three Vyooh also - Vishnu Lok,
Shwet Dweep and Ksheer Saagar.
Aparaadh Towards Vishnu
Time of Vishnu's Sleeping and Waking up
Vishnu's Preaching and Teachings
Vishnu's 10 Avataar
Vishnu has taken 10 principal incarnations. See about His incarnations - Avataar
Akhilesh - Who is the Lord of the whole Universe.
Created by Sushma Gupta on 3/15/06
Updated on 02/12/13